CIPS Risk Index

Understand the risks to which your supply chains are exposed with the CIPS Risk Index - powered by Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) - to gain an informed perspective on risk in the global supply environment.

The Index helps you, as a sourcing professional, understand the risks to which your supply chains are exposed. You can use the CIPS Risk Index Quarterly Report as an early warning of changes in the macro environment that may affect suppliers and your supply chain. You can then drill down from a global, quarterly, headline figure to a regional and country level perspective, enabling you to develop robust risk management strategies and mitigate against risk.

The CIPS Risk Index - Quarterly Report

This report is composed of multiple unique assessments of 132 countries (comprising 90+% of global economic activity) across nine categories, on a monthly basis. The individual country scores are then aggregated to calculate a global supply risk score.

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CIPS Risk Index - Quarterly report

The CIPS Risk Index - Global Retrospective

This report analyses data over 20 years to show historical context of the global supply chain risk.

CIPS Risk Index - Global Retrospective report

Latest News:

Chinese slowdown highlights Sub-Saharan Africa’s supply chain vulnerabilities


Why

Use the quarterly CIPS Risk Index, Heatmap and accompanying Country RiskLine and Country Insight reports to:

  • evaluate supplier business continuity plans
  • negotiate force majeure clauses
  • set the agenda for discussions with tier one suppliers about extended supply chain risks
  • prioritise supplier assurance programmes
  • mitigate against supply chain disruptions
  • gain early warning signs of supply chain disruption which can help to focus business-continuity planning and decision-making
  • articulate the risks of sourcing from new suppliers in new countries and
  • balance price with an informed perspective of the macro risks involved in supply.

Country Heatmap

CIPS Country Risk Map

How to use

Use this map to quickly locate the countries which are relevant to your supply base, and if they are displaying a colour which is at the threshold of or beyond your risk appetite, then you can take the next step to find out more. The D&B country scores are determined by nine underlying risk criteria, which can be examined by purchasing the individual country reports.

 

Find out more

For a more detailed analysis of supply chain risk in the countries of interest to you, please refer to the following D&B reports:

 

  • Country RiskLine report – this monthly report provides a snapshot view of a country’s cross-border risk exposure, focussing on the political, commercial and macroeconomic environments.
  • Country Insight report – this quarterly report is an in-depth analysis of a country’s   risks and opportunities in relation to the global and regional business environment and provides summary recommendations, trend and forward-looking analysis and focussed narrative around the implications of each key risk factor.

 

Changes at the country level are monitored and, in our quarterly reports, we provide updates on the countries which are changing along with the criteria which are causing the change (improvement or worsening).

More resources

Further Info

In support of these quarterly indices, and to compliment the Country Heatmap, two different types of individual country report are available:

 

  • Country RiskLine report – this monthly report provides a snapshot view of a country’s cross-border risk exposure, focussing on the political, commercial and macroeconomic environments.
  • Country Insight report – this quarterly report is an in-depth analysis of a country’s risks and opportunities in relation to the global and regional business environment and provides summary recommendations, trend and forward-looking analysis and focussed narrative around the implications of each key risk factor.

FAQs

How do the colours on the Country Heatmap correspond to the Country Reports?

The colour coding relates to D&B country scores which are divided into seven bands ranging from DB1 (lowest risk) to DB7 (highest risk). Each band is subdivided into quartiles (a-d) with an ‘a’ designation representing slightly less risk than a ‘b’ and so on.  Only the DB7 score is not divided into quartiles.

 

How the CIPS Risk Index works

  • The CIPS Risk Index is composed of multiple unique assessments undertaken by D&B’s economics team of over 40 in-house economists, data analysts and contributors working in-field across the world. In all, 132 countries (comprising 90+% of global economic activity) are assessed across nine categories, on a monthly basis. The individual country scores are then aggregated to calculate a global supply risk score
  • We use weights for each country based on the contribution each country makes to total global exports (in theory, their individual contribution to global supply chains). The trade shares are anchored to data for 2010 to facilitate consistent comparison of the index scores over time. The regional scores are done in the same way, aggregating across all countries in the region based on their contribution to total exports

 

CIPS Risk Index categories 

D&B’s Country Insight Indicator provides a comparative, cross-country assessment of the risk of doing business in a country. The Indicator is divided into seven bands, ranging from DB1 to DB7. Each band is subdivided into quartiles (a-d), with ‘a’ representing slightly less risk than ‘b’ (and so on). Only the DB7 indicator is not divided into quartiles and sets a ceiling of highest risk.

The Indicator comprises the following nine analytical categories:

  • Short-term Economic Outlook
    Analyses the economy/business cycle over the next 2-8 quarters, identifying recession, recovery, growth or stagnation. Helps businesses anticipate the impact of short-term developments in the sphere of aggregate supply and demand.

  • Long-term Economic Potential
    Assesses long-term economic prospects over the next 5-15 years on the basis of trends in the physical environment, natural and human capital, and demographics and labour supply. Helps businesses foresee the long-term impacts on market potential of factors such as ageing, resource depletion and innovation.

  • Market Potential
    Covers the ability of foreign providers of goods and services to access a target country’s markets. This helps businesses understand the practical and regulatory barriers, as well as incentives and opportunities.

  • FX Risk
    Looks at the risk of lack of FX, significant devaluation or depreciation, or any instability of the exchange rate over the next 90-180 days. This helps businesses anticipate the pressures facing customers billed in foreign currency, or the risks if their receivables are in local currency.

  • Transfer Risk
    Covers the risk of existing or new regulations, requirements or other government actions preventing, delaying or burdening cross-border transactions. This helps businesses to anticipate risks related to cross-border payments arising from the regulatory environment.

  • Business Environment Quality
    Assesses the risks and opportunities in the business environment associated with regulations, institutions and business culture. This helps businesses assess how intangible aspects of the business environment can facilitate business operations or otherwise.

  • Business Continuity
    This category looks at factors that could affect the physical supply chain due to the effects of natural phenomena or other unintended consequences. This helps businesses anticipate the likely/current impacts of extreme weather, seismic activity and inadequate/improved infrastructure.

  • Insecurity / Civil Disorder Risk
    This covers the risk of disruption of business operations and the services of a functioning economy due to the negative effects of intentional human action on civil peace and internal/cross-border security. This helps businesses to understand the context and risk spectrum for threats arising from social and political disturbances.

  • Expropriation / Nationalisation Risk
    This category assesses the risk of forcible/compulsory, full/partial loss of control or ownership of assets at the hands of a sovereign government, and whether or not there is compensation or judicial redress. This helps businesses understand the country’s track record in this respect and highlights the risks posed by acts of expropriation/nationalisation.