Draft EU rules requiring ship owners to monitor carbon dioxide emissions have received the support of the European Parliament.
The new rules, already informally agreed with the Council of Ministers, will apply from 2018 to all ships over 5,000 gross tons using EU ports.
The draft rules set out an EU-wide system for monitoring, reporting and verifying greenhouse gas emissions from shipping. It aims to improve the information about ship efficiency and emissions and encourage a reduction in emissions and fuel consumption.
José Inácio Faria, Portuguese MEP and rapporteur on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee, who drafted the second reading recommendation, said maritime transport did not currently come under any greenhouse gas emissions reduction measures, and if nothing was done, shipping emissions would go up by around 50 per cent by 2030.
“This legislation is applicable to all ships using European ports, and will be an opportunity to influence negotiations within the International Maritime Organization,” he said.
“We need to make sure that cooperation with our international partners is kept to, and make sure these steps give rise to an ambitious international agreement.”
The requirements will apply to CO2 emissions arising from vessels travelling to, from and between EU ports. All ships over 5,000 gross tons will be covered except for fishing vessels, warships, naval auxiliaries, wooden ships of a primitive build, ships not propelled by mechanical means, and government ships used for non-commercial purposes.
Ships will have to carry documents certifying compliance and will be subject to inspection by EU member states, which will also establish penalties for infringements.
The rules aim to minimise the administrative burden on companies and ensure the measurements are as accurate as possible.
The text of the regulations will be put to a vote in a forthcoming Council of Ministers meeting in order to come into force on 1 July 2015.