IHS Markit/CIPS UK Manufacturing PMI®
- UK Manufacturing PMI at 55.1 in March (February: 55.0)
- Output growth picks up, but upturn in neworders slows
- Input cost and output price inflation both slow
The UK manufacturing sector maintained a steady pace of expansion during March. Output growth picked up, although this was offset by slower increases in both new orders and employment. On the price front, rates of inflation in input costs and output charges remained elevated despite easing slightly since February.
The seasonally adjusted IHS Markit/CIPS Purchasing Managers’ Index® (PMI®) posted 55.1 in March, little-changed from 55.0 in February. The average reading over the opening quarter as a whole (55.1) was the weakest in a year, suggesting that the underlying pace of expansion has been generally slower since the start 2018.
Manufacturing production rose for the twentieth successive month in March. The rate of expansion accelerated to the sharpest in the year-so-far, despite a moderation in growth of incoming new orders. Similar to the trend in the headline PMI, average rates of expansion in production and new business over quarter one were lower than in recent quarters, suggesting that the underlying strength of the upturn has downshifted since the turn of the year.
Companies continued to report solid inflows of new work from both domestic and overseas markets in March. New export orders rose for the twenty-third month running, with the rate of increase slightly above the average for the sequence (despite easing to a five-month low).
The latest expansion in new export business was linked to successful marketing campaigns, a favourable exchange rate and improved sales volumes to existing clients.
Staffing levels rose for the twentieth month running in March, albeit at the slowest pace during the year-so-far. Higher employment combined with a mild deceleration in the rate of expansion in new orders meant that companies made further inroads into backlogs of work. Outstanding business fell marginally during the latest survey month.
Price pressures moderated in March, with rates of increase in input costs and output charges both decelerating. Although purchase prices rose to the weakest extent in the year-to-date, the pace of inflation was still relatively strong. Higher costs reflected raw material shortages, supply chain disruption and rising commodity prices.
Average vendor performance deteriorated sharply, mainly attributed to ongoing supply-chain disruption, including shortages of certain inputs. There was also mention of weather-related delays.
Manufacturers maintained a positive outlook in March. Almost 55% of companies forecast that output will be higher in 12 months’ time.
Rob Dobson, Director at IHS Markit, which compiles the survey:
“The latest PMI survey provided further evidence that UK manufacturing has entered a softer growth phase so far this year. Although the pace of output expansion ticked higher in March, which is especially encouraging given the heavy snowfall during the month, this was offset by slower increases in new orders and employment. Average rates of increase over the opening quarter as a whole are also down noticeably from the growth spurt seen at the end of 2017. Compared to official data, the performance through quarter one is consistent with only a 0.4-0.5% gain in production volumes, a considerable slide from the fourth quarter’s 1.3% increase.
“The key question is whether growth can now be sustained, albeit at a lower level, into the coming months. On that front the news is generally positive. Manufacturers are still reporting solid inflows of new work from domestic and overseas markets. Business optimism is holding steady at an elevated level, with over 54% of companies expecting output to expand over the coming 12 months. With cost inflationary pressures also moderating to provide some respite for margins, the sector looks set to make further slow and steady progress as we head through the spring.”
Duncan Brock, Group Director at the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply:
“After the mini-boom of productivity at the end of last year, the sector still held its own, delivering a steady if unremarkable performance with overall activity improving very modestly from last month.
“Purchasing activity was higher than February’s 8- month growth low but purchasers were frustrated by their suppliers who failed to deliver essential materials on time and delivery times continued to get longer. As shortages were reported the finger of suspicion was pointed at the continuing impact of inflation on raw material prices caused by the scarcity, and subsequently forcing firms to pass on these increased prices to customers at a significantly elevated rate.
“However, the biggest disappointment was the softening of new orders to a nine-month low followed by a feeble rise in job creation as the most discouraging result this year. While trade from the domestic market was still strong, and export markets also grew for the 23rd month in a row, the foundations for the sector’s continuing strength were looking a little more unstable.
“Without a significant rise in new orders, and if supply chains are still disrupted by shortages or the weather, for the next few months it’s anticipated that there will be a continued muted pace of growth. A rather apathetic prediction, but while optimism remains high and the sector continues its efforts to increase marketing activity and launch new products, everything could change.”
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