Inventory, Logistics and Expediting (L2M5)

Module purpose
On completion of this module, learners will be able to identify the key role that inventory has to play and define the principles and processes associated with effective logistics control, explaining how effective expediting can be achieved in procurement and supply.

Module aim(s)
Inventories can account for a significant cost for many organisations. This module has been designed to enable learners to appreciate the concept of inventory and to explain contemporary methods for reviewing and planning effective inventory control. The module also focuses on the logistics challenge and on effective logistics control measures. Finally, learners will be able to explain how effective expediting can be achieved in procurement and supply through effective planning and processing.

Core moduleCIPS Global StandardObjective respose exam1 hour exam30 hours learning time3 credits

Next steps
Joining a CIPS qualification programme means you will join the largest Institute in the world for those working in procurement and supply. You can join as a member online today. Once you've become a CIPS member you can book your examinations online.

    Learning outcomes

    1.0  Know the key elements of effective inventory control 

    1.1  Identify the classifications of different types of inventory 

    • Opening stock, work in progress, safety stock and finished goods
    • Obsolescent and redundant stock
    • Direct and indirect supplies
    • ABC classifications of stock that may apply
    • Dependent demand and independent demand items of stock

    1.2  Identify the direct and indirect costs of holding inventory 

    • Direct and indirect costs that are associated with holding inventories
    • Options to reduce costs whilst mitigating any negative impact on service levels

    1.3  Identify techniques associated with inventory control 

    • Re-order quantities
    • Re-order levels
    • MRP and MRPII
    • ERP
    • Just in Time
    • Bar coding
    • Subjective and objective forecasting

    1.4  Identify the key aspects associated with the handling, packaging and storage of supplies 

    • The use of materials handling equipment and palletisation and unit loads, packing and packaging and the use of automation in warehousing

    2.0  Understand the principles and processes associated with effective logistics control 

    2.1  Identify the key principles of stores and warehousing facilities 

    • The effective and efficient flows of inventory
    • Reduction of life-cycle costs
    • Space optimisation

    2.2  Identify the strengths and weaknesses associated with modes of freight transportation 

    • Road
    • Rail
    • Air
    • Sea
    • Pipeline

    2.3  Identify types of Incoterms in international logistics. 

    • E, F, C and D terms
    • Incoterms rules and incorporation into the sales contract

    2.4  Identify legislative regulations that affect international sourcing 

    • How to ensure compliance with legislation and regulations for supplies from international sources

    2.5  Describe the documentation that is used in transportation of supplies 

    • The single administrative document
    • Packing list, waybill, consignment notes, bill of lading
    • Certificate of origin
    • Letters of credit or other financial documentation

    3.0  Know how effective expediting can be achieved in procurement and supply

    3.1  Explain the assessment of costs of inventory and the cost of stock outs 

    • Monitor levels of inventories and take actions to mitigate over supply and minimise the risk of stock outs
    • The use of forecasting to achieve timely delivery of supplies
    • Track deliveries and documentation
    • The use of forecasting, difficulties and techniques

    3.2  Explain the planning process associated with expediting delivery 

    • Use of problem solving techniques
    • Planning milestones and activities

    3.3  Explain the significance of payment to suppliers and cash flow 

    • Track any deviations from planned payments and take remedial actions to mitigate disruptions that may be created through difficulties with cash flow

    View other modules

    Select a module below for more information:

    Introducing Procurement and Supply [L2M1]Procurement and Supply Operations [L2M2]StakeholderRelationships [L2M3]SystemsTechnology [L2M4]

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