Germany remains the highest performing country for logistics, according to a report.
The World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index ranks countries on elements of supply chain performance, including infrastructure, quality of service, shipment reliability, and border clearance efficiency.
Germany has topped the index for upper income countries for three years. It is followed by Luxembourg and Sweden.
South Africa, China and Malaysia were the top three best performing upper middle income countries, while India, Kenya and Egypt topped the lower middle income country rankings.
Syria came lowest overall in the rankings.
For the first time in their history landlocked countries are no longer automatically disadvantaged in the reports.
This was shown by landlocked Uganda and Rwanda taking first and third positions respectively as top performing low income countries thanks to regionally coordinated efforts to improve trade corridors. Tanzania came third in this section.
The results showed improvement in logistics performance at the world’s least developed economies slowed for the first time since 2007.
But emerging economies that implemented comprehensive initiatives continue to improve logistics services, said the report, which ranks 160 countries based on a survey of 1,200 logistics professionals.
Jean-Francois Arvis, of the Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice at the World Bank Group and co-author of the report, said: “Logistics performance is about achieving reliability of supply chains linking economies to markets. In the most constrained countries the needs focus on infrastructure, or critical improvements in customs and border management.
“More logistically performing countries have to address complex sets of issues centred on the development and quality of services.
“And all top performers show strong cooperation between the public and private sectors in developing a comprehensive approach to efficient logistics.”
While logistics services are improving, logistics professionals overall were least satisfied with rail, regardless of the countries’ income levels.
When it came to evaluating border management services, customs agencies received the highest scores while those involved in sanitary regulations lagged.
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